Also referred to as pulses, legumes which are a part of plant-based foods. Common examples of legumes are beans, peas, and lentils. Legumes are rich in nutrients such as fiber, minerals and a good amount of protein. Legumes can be used to replace the refined grains and processed meats in your diet in order to reduce the risk of heart diseases. Consuming legumes also helps facilitate weight loss and they are often included in diets that do not restrict calorie intake.